Category Archives: elearning

Each Person Post One Discussion Forum in Moodle VIDEO

Using the Moodle forum option  of each person posts one discussion


Making Auto-Groups and the Grouping Feature in Moodle

In a prior post, we looked at how to make groups manually in Moodle. In this post, we will look at two additional features in making groups and they are

  • The Auto-group feature
  • The Grouping feature

Making Auto-Groups

Auto-groups allows you to have Moodle make groups based on a criteria you give it. If the  characteristics of the groups doesn’t matter that is a fast convenient way to put students in groups. Below are the steps

  1. After logging in and going to a course where you have administrative privilege go to course administration->users->groups. If you do this correctly you should see the following


2. Click on Auto-Create Groups and you will see the following

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-07-05.png

3. The page is mostly self explanatory. Groups can be formed based on the number of groups you want or the number of people per group. Group formation can also be limited by role in the class or by last name, ID, etc. Before groups are finalized you can use the preview button to look at the potential groups. Below is an example of a completed group formation

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-12-52.png

The auto-group feature made 12 groups and the names of the members are listed in the table. Once you are satisfied you click submit and return to the previous page

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-14-02.png

Using Groupings

Groupings allows you to place several groups into a “grouping” this allows you to add several groups to an activity at once. In order to use groupings you must first make groups which we have already done. Just like with the group feature in which the same person can be a member of several groups so can one group be a member of several groupings. Below are the steps to making groupings

  1. On the groups page, click on grouping and you will see the following

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-22-03.png

2. Click on  create grouping and you will see the following

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-23-26.png

3. We will give the grouping a name and click save changes and this will send you to the previous page shown below

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-34-43.png

4. To add a group to the grouping, you need to click on the people icon under the edit column and you will see the following

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-36-06.png

5. Now we will pick several groups to add to our grouping and click add as shown below


6. When you are done adding groups you click on back to groupings to finish the process as shown below

Screenshot from 2016-12-02 08-38-46.png


We now know how to make groups manually and automatically. We also know how to create groupings. However we have not yet learn how to actually using groups and or groupings in Moodle learning experiences. This will be a topic of a future post

Making a Database in Moodle

For those of us who are not tech-savvy, the idea of making a database can sound very intimidating. However, a database is not as mysterious or difficult to create as you may think.

A database is strictly is just an organized way of collecting and storing records. If you ever made a list of your CD or book collection this is in many ways a highly simplified database.

Moodle allows a teacher to create a database to allow students to upload and or share information for whatever purpose. The secret to developing a database is to know what information you want it to store. After this, you just select the fields in Moodle to complete the database.

This post will explain how to develop a database in Moodle based on particular needs. We will make a database that stores information about Asian food.

  1. After logging into Moodle you need to turn editing on, click “add resources” and select database. As shown in the picture below.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:10:35.png 2. After clicking “add”, you need to give the database a name and if you want, a description. The options are mostly familiar except for “entries”. The “entries”” options allows you to control when an entry is viewable. Below is a picture of the database.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:15:31.png

3. After clicking “save and display” you will be taken to the next page where you add the fields you want. The fields are simply the different forms of information you want the database to store. There are 12 of them  as listed below and next to each is a description of how we will use them in the example

  • Date-Date you tried the food
  • Text input-Name of Asian food
  • Picture-Picture of Asian food
  • Menu-Meal when the food was eaten
  • Number-Rate the level of spiciness
  • Multi-menu-Who eats the food
  • Checkbox-Where is the food prepared at
  • Radio button-Recommendation of the food
  • Text area-Comments about the food
  • file-Upload recipe
  • URL-Website about the food
  • Latlong-Location of where the food was eaten

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:18:09.png

We will now use all twelve in making  a database

4. First, we will create a date field so the student can indicate when they tried the food. To do this click on the drop down box to add a new field . Type in the information and click “add”.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:29:52.png

5.We will now make a text input. This is a single line of space for inputting text. In this field, the students will be able to put the name of the Asian food. There are also two options for making this field required and to autolink it throughout the course. Below is a visual

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:22:25.png

6. The picture field allows the students to upload a picture. For us, we want to be able to see the food that the students eat. You can set the options if you desire for the size of the picture


7. We will now create a menu field. This field will allow the student to indicate one of several options. For our example, the student will select if the meal was for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. In the options, you must put one choice per line

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:38:15.png

8. We will use the number field to indicate the level of spiciness of the food


9. The multimenu allows you to select several options at once. For our example, we want to know who eats this type of food foreigner, local, or both.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:46:24.png

10. The checkbox field allows for multiple choices to be selected. For our example, we want to know where the food is prepared.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:51:48.png


11. The radio button allows a person to make a single choice. For example, we want the students recommendation about the food

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:56:29.png

12. The text area allows for anything to be added. It is also possible to determine the size of this box. For us, we want to allow the student to share additional comments about the food.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 09:59:48.png

13. The file field allows for attachments. We are going to have the students upload the recipe of the food.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 10:04:11.png

14. The url field allows for a link. For the example, the students will put a website that explains more about the food

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 10:13:35.png

15. Lastly, the Latlong field allows for the inclusion of location. You have to indicate the external map services you want to use. For our example, we are asking for the location where the student ate the food.


16. After completing the various fields, you need to click on “templates’ in order to set the template.

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 10:19:05.png

Below are two more pictures, the first picture shows what an empty entry looks like. This can be accessed by clicking on “add entry”. The second picture is a picture of a completed entry. This can be seen be clicking on “view single”

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 10:20:42.png

Screenshot from 2016-09-14 10:22:38.png


This post explain how to create databases in Moodle. All that is required is an idea of what exactly you want the students to input. From there, clicking on several different fields is not to complicated for any teacher. The benefit of the database is that it is a highly structured way of collecting data. This is useful for students who require a greater degree of support.

Using the Attendance Module in Moodle

The attendance module in Moodle is yet another excellent tool for learning management. Unlike other Moodle modules, the attendance feature is still simplistic and is surprisingly simple to setup. With this module you can do some of the following.

  • Take daily attendance
  • Track overall percentage of attendance
  • Contact students about attendance
  • See students attendance in other classes

This post will provide a step-by-step procedure for setting up the attendance module in Moodle.

1. Log in to Moodle, select the course, and turn editing on

2. Click “add activity” select “attendance” and click “add”

2.jpg3. For the grade option consider the following

  • If you give points for attendance set the type to “points” and select a grade category
  • If you do not give points for attendance select “none”
  • After making a decision about these two options click “save and display”


4. Click “add session” and complete the following

a. Start date of the semester
b. Time of the class
c. Check the box “Repeat the session above as follows” because we want to use the attendance module more than once
d. Check the boxes for the days the class is held
e. Make sure class repeats every 1 week if this is how your class works
f. For “repeat until” select the last day of the semester
g. Click “add”
h. NOTE: You can have multiple sessions in a day if you repeat these steps. This is valuable for teachers who see the same students several times in a day.

4.jpg5. The next page shows the attendance there are five different views

  • All-see every session of attendance in the course
  • All-past-see session before the current date
  • Month-See the current month sessions
  • Weeks-See the current weeks sessions
  • Day-See today’s session
  • NOTE moodle will remember the view you select for the next time you log in


The next step is for customizing the features of your attendance. The example below is from one school but you can modify the settings however you want

6. Click on settings

a. Delete the “excused” column as it is not applicable in our example school
b. Change the number of points for being present from 2 to 1
c. Change the value of late from 1 to 0.65
* The school’s policy is 3 tardies is one absence
* Students should lose 1/3 of a point for be late or about 0.33
* When this happens three times it is the equivalent of losing a full point
* 1/3 + 1/3 + 1/3 = 1 absence


7. Click on “sessions” and take attendance by finding the day you want and clicking on the green circle


  • After taking attendance click “save attendance”


  • You will return to the previous screen and the green circle will become a green arrow.

7c.jpg8. To check a students attendance do the following

  • Click “reports” and click “summary”
  • below is some of the information on this page
    • Taken sesssions-days attendance was taken (useful to know if you took attendance)
    • Points-number of points earned (1 per session)
    • Percentage-points earned divided by total points
    • Total number of sessions
    • Points over all sessions
    • Percentage over all sessions
    • Max possible points
    • Max possible percentage

You can view attendance on individual days by selecting any of the following

  • All
  • All-past
  • Month
  • Week
  • Days

8_censored.jpg9. If a students attendance is not acceptable and you want to send a message through moodle do the following

a. Go to “reports”
b. Off to the right hand size are check boxes select the student(s) you want to send a message to
c. Click “send message” in the lower left of the screen
d. Enter your message and click “send message”


9b.jpg11. To check the attendance of a student in their other classes that use this module do the following

  • Click on a student’s name (Do not click on their picture)
  • Click on “all courses”



The attendance module provides teachers and administrators with a tool to see how students are doing not only in their class but across the campus. This assumes that everyone uses it. As such, modules such as the attendance module in Moodle requires support of all the teachers in order to reach full functionality.

Making Quiz Questions in Moodle

One of Moodle’s many features is the quiz activity, which allows a teacher to assess a student’s knowledge in a variety of ways. However, before developing a quiz, a teacher needs to have questions developed and ready to be incorporated into the quiz.

The purpose of this post is to explain how to develop questions that are available to be used in a quiz.

Make a Category

When making questions it is important to be organized and this involves making categories in which to put your questions. To do this you need to click on course administrator|questions bank|Categories. After doing this you will see something similar to the image below.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 09:40:53.png

You want to click add category and type a name for your category. In the picture below we named the category “example”. When you are finished click “add category and you will see the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 09:43:36.png

Finding the Question Bank

Now that we have a question category we need to go to the question bank. To do so click on  course administrator|question bank. You should see something similar to the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 09:36:40.png

Select the “example” category you made and then “click create new question.” You should see the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 09:50:39.png

As you can see, there are many different forms of questions available. The type of questions you should ask depends on many factors. For now, we will make a true or false example question. Once you select the option for T/F question you will see the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 09:54:15.png

The question name is for identifying the question in the bank and not on the quiz. Therefore, avoid calling your questions “question 1, 2,3 etc.” because if you have multiply quizzes you will not know which question one to take from your bank. You need to develop some sort of cataloging system for your questions such as the following

1 Q1 TF 2016

This means the following

  • 1 means this is number 1
  • Q1 means this is quiz 1
  • TF means the question is true false
  • 2016 is the year the question was developed

How you do this is your own decision and this is just an example.

The other boxes on this page are self-explanatory. General feedback is what the student receives whether they are right or wrong. The other feedback is given depending on the response. After making a question selecting if it is true or false you will see the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-24 10:10:01.png

In a future post, we will learn how to take questions from the question bank and incorporate them into an actually quiz.

Using the Lesson Module in Moodle

The lesson module in Moodle provides a way for a teacher to share content in an interactive way through the use pages that provide text and questions at the discretion of the teacher.

This post will provide basic information on how to setup and deliver content through a lesson.

Planning a Lesson

Lessons take a lot of planning. You have to determine what you want you students to do while also deciding how they will navigate through the lesson. This is not easy. For our example, we are going to have a brief lesson on two theories in education (perennialism and essentialism. Below is an outline of the structure of the lesson.

  1. Greeting page
  2. Perennialism
  3. Essentialism
  4. Question

Types of Pages in a Lesson

There are several types of pages you can use in a lesson there are explained as the following.

  • Content pages-These pages contain content or the learning material
  • Question page-These are for assessing learning
  • Cluster/end of cluster-This page is use to randomize several question pages
  • Branch/end of branch-Use to provide a different order in which content pages appear

In our sample lesson, we have the following types of pages

  1. Greeting page (Content)
  2. Perennialism (Content)
  3. Essentialism (Content)
  4. Question (Question)

Below are the steps for setting up a lesson

  1. Select the “lesson” option in the “activity and resources” menuScreenshot from 2016-08-19 09:01:30.png
  2. Give the lesson a name. There are a lot of other options available that are mostly self-explanatory. For now, we will just give the lesson a name and click “save and display”
    Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:04:08.png
  3. On the next page, we want to add our first content page by clicking “add content page”. After you click you will see the following
    Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:07:01.png
  4. On the content page we need to add some information. The name of the page is “understanding theories of education. This goes in the “page title”. In the “page contents” we put the following

    Welcome to the lesson on Theories in Education. Click on the button perennialism to learn about this theory.

5. You need to scroll down and find the “content 1” box. In the “description” type “perennialism and set the jump to the next page as shown in the picture below. Then click save page

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:11:11.png

When you click “save page” you should see the web page below

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:12:55.png

Under the heading actions select “add content page”. In the new page call it “perennialism”. You can give a brief definition of  perennialism. In addition, you can add a video on perennialism as my example did. Under “content 1” type “essentialism” and have this page jump to the next page. Below is what the page should look like.

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:15:42.png

We now repeat this process for the “essentialism page” The only difference is that for “content 1” we will have this page jump to a page called “summary questions”. Below is a visual of this step

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:18:12.png

The final page we need to create is a question page. This allows us to assess student understanding of the lesson. On the home page for the lesson under “action” after the “essentialism” page select “question. This is shown in the picture below.

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:21:59

On the next page select “Essay” as shown below

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:23:36.png

You can now give the page a name and ask whatever question you want. Make sure you set the jump to “end of lesson” and you can also determine how many points the question is worth. Below is my example.

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:26:47.png

You can see how your lesson looks using the “preview” tab. After your students have completed the lesson you can click on the grade essays tab to mark the essays. Below is an example.

Screenshot from 2016-08-19 09:29:43.png

The reports tab give you the results for all students.


The lesson module is a great feature in Moodle. It is important to keep lessons short, focused and lively in order to keep student motivated. The only limit to a lesson is your own imagination and the ability to plan systematically.  As progress in elearning continues lessons may be replaced in the near future with the development of authoring tools and other forms of interactive content.


Using the Chat Activity in Moodle

The chat activity in Moodle provides students with the opportunity to communicate with each other in real-time. This is an example of of synchronous learning, which is the traditional mode of learning found in classrooms. Students, through collaboration, are learning together in time.

In this post, we will look at how to setup a chat as well as some suggestions on the use of the chat activity in an online course.

Setting Up Chat

  1. In your Moodle course, make sure you have turn editing on and then click on “add activity or resource” in one of the available spaces. Then select “chat” as shown in the picture below.

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 07:34:06.png

2. In the next screen, you need to give your chat a name. Adding a description is optional. In the “chat session” section you can schedule when the chat takes places. You can also indicate if you want this chat session to be regularly schedule with the “Repeat/publish sessions” if you leave it on the default setting, students can join the chat room anytime. There is also an option for saving past chats and whether students can view past chats. Below is a screenshot of the features.

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 07:56:09.png

3. The actual chat room is simple to use. After clicking on “Save and display” the next screen will have a link called “click here to enter chat now”. When you do this, you will see the following.

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 08:00:42.png

4. The people who are in the chat room are displayed to your right. To type a message click on the empty box next to the “send” button, type your message, and press enter. Below is a sample message between the teacher and a student.

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 08:03:32.png

5. When you log in to chat the previous messages are gone. This is different from facebook which saves everything as a never-ending dialog. To see what was said in the past you need to click on the link “view past chat sessions” and then select the conversation you want to read. Below are two pictures, the first shows the link for viewing past chat session and the second shows a list of sessions to read

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 08:08:32.png

Screenshot from 2016-08-08 08:08:47.png

Suggestions for Using Chat

  • Chat is useful for allowing students to coordinate group work. The benefit of using chat for the teacher is control of what is happening and the useful of an official challenge of communication of the school.
  • Chat is one tool for allowing students to communicate in a foreign language in real-time.
  • For large classes, it is best to break the students into smaller groups for chatting. Since only one person can talk at a time and nobody can see each other, large groups are usually chaotic in a chat room.
  • Set a clear beginning and end to a chat. It is also important to keep in mind the various time zones the students may be in.


The chat activity is an excellent tool for coming into direct contact with students. This tool can be used to stimulate real-time discussion or for other means. When using chat be aware of the strengths and limitations and this will help in providing an excellent learning experience for the students.

Using Forums in Moodle

The forum module in moodle is a highly versatile tool available for a teacher’s use. For beginners in particular, the forum module can be used to delivery and teach all content. For this reason alone, it is wise for newbies to moodle to focus on using forums and to add additional tools that are more efficient for specific task later.

In this post, we will look at how to deploy forums as your one-all tool for someone who is using Moodle for the first time.

Using Forums for Everything

Below is a brief list of how forums can be used in multiple ways. The list below includes how the forum is used and the more efficient tool that could be used if the teacher is familiar with it. If there is no tool that is more efficient than the column is left blank.

Ways to Use Forums
Task Better Way
Download course outline file resource
Links to various websites link resource, book, or page
submit assignments Assignment activity
Quiz Quiz activity
Survey Survey activity
Organized key terms in course Glossary

Moodle is challenging to learn to use because it is so flexible. Having a beginner focus on using forums exclusively can allow someone to get up and running in a short period of time.

Creating a Forum

To create a forum you need to determine what the purpose of the forum is so that you can adjust the options accordingly. Let’s say you are new to Moodle and you want your students to upload an assignment to a forum so you can mark them. Below are the steps.

  1. In your Moodle course, click on “add activity”select “forum” and click “add” as shown below.

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 07:44:04.png

2. In the next screen, you need to give the forum a name and a description. The description is where you can place instructions or other information to complete the task. Below is a picture

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 07:46:52.png

3. You now need to indicate what type of forum you are using. If you click on the ? near “forum type” in Moodle it will explain each of the type of forums that are available. I will not repeat the explanation but I will provide suggestions on when to use each.

  • Simple discussion-If you want a focus forum on a question you pose, this is a good choice. This is also useful if the purpose is for students to upload an assignment.
  • Q & A forum-Useful for giving quizzes. You can set the options so that students do not see other students’ responses until they post their own answer.
  • The other choices available are mostly similar and are useful for a more open ended discussion.

We are going to pick “simple discussion”

4. The next three columns “attachment and word count”,  “subscriptions” and “post threshold for blocking” are self-explanatory. You can determine the size of the file to upload and determining if students have to be aware of the activity in the forum The blocking feature is useful for students who dominate a discussion or are argumentative.  Below is a picture of the options in our example.

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 09:24:14.png

5. The next two settings work together. The “grade” section allows you to determine where to place this activity in the gradebook. This assumes that you have setup the gradebook. You can also set a minimum score to pass if you want but this is optional.

The “ratings” section allows you to setup how you will mark the assignments. You can set the. These options have been discussed previously. The only thing new is the “aggregate” option. Moodle explains this to you. Remember however that the purpose of our forum is uploading of an assignment. As such, when you read the assignment you will put the grade in the forum. The picture below is the settings for our example.

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 09:38:36.png

The rest of the settings are not related to our particular task. So you can click “Save and return to course”

After Student Submits

When a student submits you will see the following on the course home page

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 09:43:37.png

Hopefully, you can see in small print “1 unread post”. Click on this and see the following

Screenshot from 2016-08-03 09:44:47

Click on the uploaded assignment and then you can rate the assignment using the drop down box “average of ratings”. The current score is out of a 100 points. After marking click “return”.

You can check to see if the grade was recorded by going to the gradebook.


This post provide practical advice for using forums. How you use forums is only limited to your creativity. Forums are particular useful for beginners as they can complete most Moodle task without mastery of the other modules. However, once you are comfortable with forums you should expand into other tools to further benefit your students.