The Tyler Model, developed by Ralph Tyler in the 1940’s, is the quintessential prototype of curriculum development in the scientific approach. One could almost dare to say that every certified teacher in America and maybe beyond has developed curriculum either directly or indirectly using this model or one of the many variations.

Tyler did not intend for his contribution to curriculum to be a lockstep model for development. Originally, he wrote down his ideas in a book *Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction *for his students to give them an idea about principles for to making curriculum. The brilliance of Tyler’s model is that it was one of the first models and it was and still is a highly simple model consisting of four steps.

- Determine the school’s purposes (aka objectives)
- Identify educational experiences related to purpose
- Organize the experiences
- Evaluate the purposes

Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

Step one is determining the objectives of the school or class. In other words, what do the students need to do in order to be successful? Each subject has natural objectives that are indicators of mastery. All objectives need to be consistent with the philosophy of the school and this is often neglected in curriculum development. For example, a school that is developing an English curriculum may create an objective that students will write essays. This would be one of many objectives within the curriculum.

Step two is developing learning experiences that help the students to achieve step one. For example, if students need to meet the objective of writing an essay. The learning experience might be a demonstration by the teacher of writing an essay. The students than might practice writing essays. The experience (essay demonstration and writing) is consistent with the objective (Student will write an essay).

Step three is organizing the experiences. Should the teacher demonstrate first or should the students learn by writing immediately? Either way could work and preference is determined by the philosophy of the teacher and the needs of the students. The point is that the teacher needs to determine a logical order of experiences for the students.

Lastly, step four is evaluation of the objectives. Now the teacher assesses the students’ ability to write an essay. There are many ways to do this. For example, the teacher could have the students write an essay without assistance. If they can do this, it is evidence that the students have achieved the objective of the lesson.

There are variations on this model. However, the Tyler model is still considered by many to be the strongest model for curriculum development.

Ibrahim AbdullahiI find it very intresting and I need more explanation on the four basic fundemental question of Rapl Tyller

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authorIs it possible to identify what you do not understand

LikeLike

Michael josephatSometimes what you managed to do, is what you understand…….

LikeLike

precious nyagwayaself explanatory.well done’

LikeLike

shaka kassimmuch respect to my dearest lecturer sir Mligo of STEMMUCO.he made me to pass through this brilliant “class” of Tyler as he gave me an assignment on the models of curriculum. I really,appreciate what Tyler “classed” me. thank u Tyler, thank u sir mligo- the so called Mligo Mwamba.

LikeLike

Pingback: Johann Herbert: Father of Moral Education | educationalresearchtechniques

Adamu ministeryes

LikeLike

Adamu ministeri am in class now, and am enjoiying the model, because it is my todays topic

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authorI am glad this post is helping you with your studies

LikeLike

Stephen ChitoshiThis Tyler Model is exactly what I was looking for!!! Wow! Thank you so much.

LikeLike

Pingback: Early 20th Century Educators: Flexner & Judd | educationalresearchtechniques

amosI am enjoying this model of Tyler’s .am currently happy thanks in Kenya

LikeLike

tukumbeje mposathank you…yor explanation helped me in clarifying the model to my students.

LikeLike

Marry Quenni Rose Landerothank you… it is a big help for me as a student. this information helps me understand my topic today.:) thanks and Godbless always

LikeLike

Nyongesa OscarThis model is helpful……..

LikeLike

Seth N. EssienTyler’s models is simple and straight forward to apply but I’m trying to assess its strength and weaknesses in our present time. Can someone help me, please?

LikeLike

Peter GichabaThank you Tyler for simplifying it, its well understood

LikeLike

Jackie Mwendethis model has helped me do my revision very well.

thanks alot.

LikeLike

Nokubonga Hadebethis is very impresive can you please give us Lawrence Stenhouse model

LikeLike

Haliru A. Hthis is what i am actually looking for… “Tyler model of curriculum development ” thank you so much….

LikeLike

Elaine M. Peters, Hon.B.A. PHE, M.Sc.Ed.Please explain how this curriculum development development would suit students who are not strong in the verbal linguistic learning style ? Perhaps other types of essays would be permitted for students with other learning strengths such as the opportunity to create a photographic sluse show, diorama, musical score, dramatization, or video essay? Humans learn in a variety of different ways.

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authorGood question. The Tyler model is used for having a process for what you want to put into a curriculum. This means that anybody can follow this model and put whatever they want into their curriculum. There is no right or wrong content in a Tyler curriculum. What makes a curriculum a Tyler model is if it follows the four steps that Tyler proposed. This means you can have videos, essays or, whatever else works for your students.

LikeLiked by 1 person

Elaine M. Peters, Hon.B.A. PHE, M.Sc.Ed.I see

LikeLike

nicholas samoeismart job my hero tyler!

LikeLike

faithThank you so much for this very informative data. Very simple and easy to understand:)

LikeLike

yaleeIT WAS HELPFUL. THANK YOU.

LikeLike

Pingback: The Path Less Taken – Blog, Blog, Blog

Pingback: Do We Still Have the “Traditional” Schooling Experience | Rhandi Turton

Olara ElijahThanks for this model for it has helped me understand curriculum and pass my course work.

LikeLike

Abdu DanyaroThis is very nice model and self explanatory

LikeLike

Abdu DanyaroThis is very nice model and it is self explanatory

LikeLike

James MwangiWhat was Raph Tyler’s ideas influence in the field of curriculum development in kenyan education.

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authori’m not an expert on Kenyan education so it would be hard to answer that. I think it’s better if you look at Tyler’s model and see if it reminds you of anything you see in Kenyan education

LikeLike

walterOngerAn Excellent model

LikeLike

Walter OngeriExcellent one

LikeLike

sarahthanx

LikeLike

OWUSU SIMONThanks sir, my question is ‘Are there criticisms of the Tyler’s model of curriculum design ?

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authorhere is a great post that deals with this question

http://kibogoji.com/2014/04/19/curriculum-evaluation-using-tylers-goal-attainment-model-or-objectives-centered-model/

LikeLike

PhD personHerbert M. Kliebard incisively criticized the Tyler Model a long time ago–1970–pointing out many of the problems and assumptions that go into Tyler’s approach, an approach whose roots actually go back to the 1800s with Frederick Taylor’s ideas on management. Peter Taubman also presents some excellent critiques of the Tyler Model and explanations for why it has persisted in education–namely because of neoliberalism and the appropriation of concepts from learning sciences and business. Start with Kliebard and Taubman (and read Paulo Freire to take you someplace else) and then see what works for you. Also, the Journal of Curriculum Theorizing publishes fine work that may also help you answer your question about the Tyler Model.

LikeLike

Pingback: Competency-Based Education | educationalresearchtechniques

kamalludeenthis Tyler model is the best ever we people in Nigeria we agreeing using Tyler model any more. but how will i build a junior secondary school curriculum using Tyler model please?

LikeLike

Dr. DarrinPost authoryour question is to broad to answer here. All I can suggest is that you follow the steps of tyler and develop your own system

LikeLike

Pingback: Reflections on the Tyler Rationale | nerdodactyl

robin AlexieI enjoy much this model as it is related to ma current course am running this semister

LikeLike

Kanubo daniel methodVery nice explanation which helps me to answer an assignment at university level about curriculum.

LikeLike

Michael josephat, at University of Dodoma,Tanzania.I find most of things are useful to me, but need simple manipulation to fit the need of Tanzanian education system………….

LikeLike

Mwashigaile FurahaFulfilled explaination and well understandable

LikeLike

Modest CassianNice model of Tyler since it has assist me to be awear on how to develop a curriculum design from the beginning to the end.

LikeLike

danirentjanaSometimes, it makes me wonder why some books written by ‘experts’ do not serve as simple as this kind of elaboration. I found the article helps me a lot in understanding the Tyler’s model. Thank you very much, sir.

Best regards from Indonesia.

LikeLike

Noloyiso TshanganaWell explained thank you so much i will now be able to do my assignment on Tyler’s model.

LikeLike

Pingback: REFLECTIVE 1: VISUAL CULTURE, TYLER & GAGNE 9 EVENT INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL – nor hazwani shuib

sibeThank you so much for explaining Zimbabwe

LikeLike

Pingback: Curriculum Model Refflective – PSV702