Methods of Collecting Data

After developing a research question, it is necessary to determine how data collection will take place. There are several different ways and the list below is a partial list of various methods

  • Interview method-Data is collected through a face to face encounter. This is a method associated with qualitative research
  • Questionnaire method-The respondents complete a survey or some other instrument. This method can be for either qualitative or quantitative
  • Observation method-Watching for particular behaviors as they are exhibited by an individual or group. This can be for either qualitative or quantitative as well.
  • Experiment method-This method establishes cause and effect between of variable(s) in controlled conditions. This is a quantitative method.


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