The Tyler Model, developed by Ralph Tyler in the 1940’s, is the quintessential prototype of curriculum development in the scientific approach. One could almost dare to say that every certified teacher in America and maybe beyond has developed curriculum either directly or indirectly using this model or one of the many variations.

Tyler did not intend for his contribution to curriculum to be a lockstep model for development. Originally, he wrote down his ideas in a book *Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction *for his students to give them an idea about principles for to making curriculum. The brilliance of Tyler’s model is that it was one of the first models and it was and still is a highly simple model consisting of four steps.

- Determine the school’s purposes (aka objectives)
- Identify educational experiences related to purpose
- Organize the experiences
- Evaluate the purposes

Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

Step one is determining the objectives of the school or class. In other words, what do the students need to do in order to be successful? Each subject has natural objectives that are indicators of mastery. All objectives need to be consistent with the philosophy of the school and this is often neglected in curriculum development. For example, a school that is developing an English curriculum may create an objective that students will write essays. This would be one of many objectives within the curriculum.

Step two is developing learning experiences that help the students to achieve step one. For example, if students need to meet the objective of writing an essay. The learning experience might be a demonstration by the teacher of writing an essay. The students than might practice writing essays. The experience (essay demonstration and writing) is consistent with the objective (Student will write an essay).

Step three is organizing the experiences. Should the teacher demonstrate first or should the students learn by writing immediately? Either way could work and preference is determined by the philosophy of the teacher and the needs of the students. The point is that the teacher needs to determine a logical order of experiences for the students.

Lastly, step four is evaluation of the objectives. Now the teacher assesses the students’ ability to write an essay. There are many ways to do this. For example, the teacher could have the students write an essay without assistance. If they can do this, it is evidence that the students have achieved the objective of the lesson.

There are variations on this model. However, the Tyler model is still considered by many to be the strongest model for curriculum development.

Ibrahim AbdullahiI find it very intresting and I need more explanation on the four basic fundemental question of Rapl Tyller

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Dr. DarrinPost authorIs it possible to identify what you do not understand

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Michael josephatSometimes what you managed to do, is what you understand…….

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precious nyagwayaself explanatory.well done’

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shaka kassimmuch respect to my dearest lecturer sir Mligo of STEMMUCO.he made me to pass through this brilliant “class” of Tyler as he gave me an assignment on the models of curriculum. I really,appreciate what Tyler “classed” me. thank u Tyler, thank u sir mligo- the so called Mligo Mwamba.

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Adamu ministeryes

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Adamu ministeri am in class now, and am enjoiying the model, because it is my todays topic

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Dr. DarrinPost authorI am glad this post is helping you with your studies

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Stephen ChitoshiThis Tyler Model is exactly what I was looking for!!! Wow! Thank you so much.

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amosI am enjoying this model of Tyler’s .am currently happy thanks in Kenya

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tukumbeje mposathank you…yor explanation helped me in clarifying the model to my students.

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Marry Quenni Rose Landerothank you… it is a big help for me as a student. this information helps me understand my topic today.:) thanks and Godbless always

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Nyongesa OscarThis model is helpful……..

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Seth N. EssienTyler’s models is simple and straight forward to apply but I’m trying to assess its strength and weaknesses in our present time. Can someone help me, please?

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Peter GichabaThank you Tyler for simplifying it, its well understood

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Jackie Mwendethis model has helped me do my revision very well.

thanks alot.

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Nokubonga Hadebethis is very impresive can you please give us Lawrence Stenhouse model

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Haliru A. Hthis is what i am actually looking for… “Tyler model of curriculum development ” thank you so much….

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Elaine M. Peters, Hon.B.A. PHE, M.Sc.Ed.Please explain how this curriculum development development would suit students who are not strong in the verbal linguistic learning style ? Perhaps other types of essays would be permitted for students with other learning strengths such as the opportunity to create a photographic sluse show, diorama, musical score, dramatization, or video essay? Humans learn in a variety of different ways.

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Dr. DarrinPost authorGood question. The Tyler model is used for having a process for what you want to put into a curriculum. This means that anybody can follow this model and put whatever they want into their curriculum. There is no right or wrong content in a Tyler curriculum. What makes a curriculum a Tyler model is if it follows the four steps that Tyler proposed. This means you can have videos, essays or, whatever else works for your students.

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Elaine M. Peters, Hon.B.A. PHE, M.Sc.Ed.I see

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nicholas samoeismart job my hero tyler!

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faithThank you so much for this very informative data. Very simple and easy to understand:)

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yaleeIT WAS HELPFUL. THANK YOU.

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Olara ElijahThanks for this model for it has helped me understand curriculum and pass my course work.

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Abdu DanyaroThis is very nice model and self explanatory

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Abdu DanyaroThis is very nice model and it is self explanatory

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James MwangiWhat was Raph Tyler’s ideas influence in the field of curriculum development in kenyan education.

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Dr. DarrinPost authori’m not an expert on Kenyan education so it would be hard to answer that. I think it’s better if you look at Tyler’s model and see if it reminds you of anything you see in Kenyan education

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walterOngerAn Excellent model

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Walter OngeriExcellent one

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sarahthanx

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OWUSU SIMONThanks sir, my question is ‘Are there criticisms of the Tyler’s model of curriculum design ?

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Dr. DarrinPost authorhere is a great post that deals with this question

http://kibogoji.com/2014/04/19/curriculum-evaluation-using-tylers-goal-attainment-model-or-objectives-centered-model/

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PhD personHerbert M. Kliebard incisively criticized the Tyler Model a long time ago–1970–pointing out many of the problems and assumptions that go into Tyler’s approach, an approach whose roots actually go back to the 1800s with Frederick Taylor’s ideas on management. Peter Taubman also presents some excellent critiques of the Tyler Model and explanations for why it has persisted in education–namely because of neoliberalism and the appropriation of concepts from learning sciences and business. Start with Kliebard and Taubman (and read Paulo Freire to take you someplace else) and then see what works for you. Also, the Journal of Curriculum Theorizing publishes fine work that may also help you answer your question about the Tyler Model.

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kamalludeenthis Tyler model is the best ever we people in Nigeria we agreeing using Tyler model any more. but how will i build a junior secondary school curriculum using Tyler model please?

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Dr. DarrinPost authoryour question is to broad to answer here. All I can suggest is that you follow the steps of tyler and develop your own system

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robin AlexieI enjoy much this model as it is related to ma current course am running this semister

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Kanubo daniel methodVery nice explanation which helps me to answer an assignment at university level about curriculum.

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Michael josephat, at University of Dodoma,Tanzania.I find most of things are useful to me, but need simple manipulation to fit the need of Tanzanian education system………….

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Mwashigaile FurahaFulfilled explaination and well understandable

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Modest CassianNice model of Tyler since it has assist me to be awear on how to develop a curriculum design from the beginning to the end.

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danirentjanaSometimes, it makes me wonder why some books written by ‘experts’ do not serve as simple as this kind of elaboration. I found the article helps me a lot in understanding the Tyler’s model. Thank you very much, sir.

Best regards from Indonesia.

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Noloyiso TshanganaWell explained thank you so much i will now be able to do my assignment on Tyler’s model.

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sibeThank you so much for explaining Zimbabwe

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Alex Owusu AgyemangThanks for the Tylor’s Curriculum Development Model explanation. It has really helped with it as my current topic and Presentation work. Ghana – UCC

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Nicola CrickThis was very informative, thank you. I would like to use a quote from you if I may but unsure how to cite you properly.

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Ndifreke RobertThank you so much on this work. But i want to cite you in my work so as to use your quotes. Thank you

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Khristina HoganThanks from the USA. I found your article more informative than the information provided by my professor.

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քɦɨʟɨք ҡաɛʍօɨɨռ ʄaċt tɦɛ ɨռʄօ ɦaʋɛ ʀɛaɖ ɦas ɢɨʋɛռ ʍɛ a ɖɛɛքɛʀ ʊռɖɛʀstaռɖɨռɢ օʄ tʏʟɛʀ’s ʟɨռɛaʀ ʍօɖɛʟ օʄ ċʊʀʀɨċʊʟʊʍ ɖɛsɨɢռ tɦaռҡs aʟօt

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Rev. okyereI am interested in this model. can the Tyler;s model be use as a theoretical framework on performance of students in mathematics?

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Dr. DarrinPost authorThis framework can be used to develop curriculum in any circumstance

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Kongnyuy Elvis S.Thank you very much for this brilliant summary. I think it is excellent and simple to understand, especially with your example taken.

Thanks,

Elvis.

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